Treating knee pain for younger people, between the ages of 15 to 55, poses the biggest challenge. Primary osteoarthritis is uncommon below age of 30 years, secondary arthritis due to previous trauma or sports injury is not so uncommon. Damage to the articular cartilage in the knee due to an injury or sudden impact may affect millions of people world-wide, but treatment is hampered by the fact that in adult life, articular cartilage is limited in its ability to regenerate. Therefore treating such injury leading to arthritis of the younger person becomes more challenging.
Cartilage is the most vital structure of the knee joint, that help to prevent the grinding of two bony surfaces.
ACI(Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation) technique appears most promising, due to its ability to generate hyaline type cartilage, which is more durable.
Healthy knee cartilage is harvested from the non weight bearing area of the affected joint. In a high tech cell culture lab, these cartilage cells are re-grown in multiplication over five weeks. In the second stage, cells are injected into damaged area covered by bone membrane called periosteum
MACI (Matrix Induced Autologous Chondrcyte Implantation) is a current advanced innovative technology over previous method described. This uses collagen membranes and Tisseel fibrin sealant to attack the chondrocyte seeded scaffold and fill the cartilaginous defect void.
Osteoporosis, the degenerative joint disease that usually sets in with age, causes pain, not only to the person suffering from it, but also to the family of the patients. Seeing someone close to you hobble with every step can be agonising. Especially of there's nothing you can do to take the pain away. But there is, Studies have shown that new disphosphonate drugs can cure osteonecrosis of the hip, a debilitating disease that could only be cured by surgery earlier.
Total hip replacement and total knee replacement surgeries are no longer necessary." In the past few years, doctors have made possible the option of surface replacement--- surgery where the surface of the joint is 'capped', "says Dr. Sanjay Agrawal, consultant orthopaedic at Breach Candy and PD Hinduja Hospitals, and specialist in joint replacement surgeries. "This preserves a large portion of the natural bone. And just in case the patient needs a revision surgery in a few years, natural bone is easier to work with.
New instruments, surface finishing materials and computerisation are now being used in surgery of he joints. "Technology now allows the patient full range of movement with minimal damage to the bone. The patient has the ability to do things that were impossible earlier." Says Dr. Agarwala. Sitting cross-legged and squatting are just a few of the things a patient is not forbidden any more. " This also offers greater longevity of the joints, "he adds.
Osteoporosis cure in once-a-day pill?Tested on rodents, New Drug completely Rebuilds Bones Chicago: a once-a-day pill helped completely rebuild bone in rodents with server osteoporosis, a finding that could lead to a new class of drugs to treat the brittle-bone disease in humans, US researchers said.
The team tested a compound that blocks the production of the serotonin hormone produced in the gut in mice and rates with a severe form of the disease and found they completely recovered their bone density. "If you break the bone, it looks like a normal bone," said Gerard Karsenty of Columbia University Medical Centre in New York, whose study appears in the Journal nature Medicine.
Using the findings, he said the team is working to develop this type of treatment for human patients with osteoporosis, in which bones become fragile and porous. Increasing the risk of fracture." There is an urgent need to identify new, safe therapies that can increase bone formation on a long-term basis," Karsently said.
The study builds on prior research conducted by the same team that found that the chemical messenger serotonin-when released by the gut-inhibits bone formation.
Serotonin is most commonly known for its role in the brain as a chemical messenger but 95% of the serotonin in the body is produced in the gut as a way to regulate bone formation, Karesenty said. "we thought that if we could inhibit the synthesizing of serotonin in the gut, it could be a way to treat osteoporosis, "he said." Luckily for us, there are a couple of inhibitor of gut-derived serotonin that do not affect the synthesis of brain-derived serotonin."
The team tested a compound that blocks the production of serotonin in the gut in mice and rats with osteoporosis." Indeed, when you deprive the system of serotonin in the gut, consistent with the human genetic data, what you see in mice or rats is that you correct completely the osteoporosis," Karsenty said.
He said the drug had already been tested in people in early safety studies."This molecule is given once a day orally. Obviously it is very attractive. There are very few molecules that can induce bone formation.
London: Beer is a significant source of dietary silicon, a key ingredient for increasing bone mineral density, and hence a moderate consumption may help fight osteoporosis.
An international team has carried out the study and found that beer is rich in silicon-a mineral found in barley, a key ingredient in the beverage---- which survives the brewing process as orthosilicic acid. And, according to the study, it's silicon which helps strengthen bones and prevent osteoporosis, a disease that is characterized by low bone as well as the deterioration of bone tissue.
Lead researcher Charles Bam-forth of California University was quoted by the British media as saying," Beer containing high levels of malted barely and hops are richest in silicon. It's the husk of barely that's rich in this element,While most remains during brewing, significant quantities are none the less extracted into wort and survive into beer" . Bone Lengthening procedure puts him on his feet again.
Mumbai: Kalyan resident Chanrakant Kothere never believed doctors who told him three years ago that he would not be able to walk properly again. It was perhaps his positive belief that led to a near-complete cure-a bone-lengthening procedure known as the IIizarov technique and a subsequent operation over the lasted over nine months.
Kothere, who had met with a road accident while going to Alibaug on a bike, suffered multiple fractures on his right leg, resulting in a limp and extensive pain. "Some doctors suggested an amputation after the initial treatment," said Shobha kothere, wife of Chandrakant. But the couple was determined that he would walk without a stick---sooner than later. In the interim, the fracture on Kothere's right leg caused a bow leg appearance. He was "Shorter" by almost three inches on his right side.
"He resumed work, but came back twice with a fracture that needed plastering. How long could we go on? Said Shobha. That is when Shobha went to Wockhardt Hospital in Mulund in January this year to meet a doctor for a cure. At Wockhardt, the doctors decided to conduct the surgery in two stages. "In the first stage., We cleared the infected bone and aligned the leg using a ring shaped IIzarov External Fixator," said Dr. Sachin Bhonsale, consultant orthopedic surgeon at Wockhardt. The screws were turned-1 mm a day - to facilitate lengthening. "It took four months for the bone tissues to grow. That is when we performed the second stage of attaching a titanium rod and screws," the doctors said.
The significance of the case lies in the fact that even after three years of the fracture, a procedure to transport the bone and fix the joint was successful. Doc up & running after cell therapy
A 25-year-old Ratna girl doctor could be the first in India to be treated for avascular necrosis using cell therapy. Avascular necrosis is a disease in which the tissues of the hip joint die because of lack of blood supply. The top of femoral head (the ball portion of the ball and socket joint) collapses as a result and begins to flatten. The most common treatment of this disease is complete hip replacement.
But 25-year-old Suhas Khanavilkar deicided to take a chance-with a new therapy. Instead of surgery, he only needed an implant of bone cells cultured from his own bone marrow.
"Ten months ago, I suddenly stared experiencing pain in both my hips while walking. I neglected it for a long time, but there came a time, when a cracking sound came from my hip joint whenever I sat down or stood up. CT and MRI scans showed that the head of my thigh bone had become uneven. The left side was still better. But the right hip was so painful the joint even fractured," said Suhas' Dr. Gauresh Palekar, Suhas 'doctor, says the therapy, which was performed eight months ago, was possibly the first in India.
Satyen Sanghavi, chief scientific officer of 'Regrow', a Lonavala-based cell therapy services company, said it was a five-week -long procedure. "First 10 ml of Suhas's bone marrow was taken form his posterior bone. This was sent to our lab in Korea where it was cultured into bone cells. Around 10,000 stromal cells were separated from the bone marrow, which were then cultured into 50 million osteoblasts (bone cells)."
In November, the bone was pushed back into its original place, and the inside was filledwith calcium cement, and a mixture of cultured bone cells and fibrin gel. "The calcium cement turns into bone within a year. The gel is used to keep the cultured bone cells in place," said Dr Palekar, who runs a clinic in Girgaon.Although Suhas walked with the help of crutches for three months after the surgery, today, he walks runs and climbs stairs just as earlier.
"Drug treatment of avascular necrosis helps preserve the disease bone till nature can take over and restore the bone, Stem cells, however, will hasten this procedure. Still, it is too early to say if it will be successful," said Dr. S Agarwala orthopedic surgeon with Hinduja Hospital. Dr. Vijay Shetty, orthopedic surgeon with Hinduja Hospital. Dr. Vijay Shetty, orthopedic surgeon with Hiranadani Hospital says," We need to look at long-term results before we can start doing it on every patient."
Avascular Necrosis (AVN)occurs in the hip joint, when the top of the femoral head (the ball portion) collapses and begins to flatten due to the stoppage of blood supply.
10 ml of bone marrow is taken from the pelvic bone
In the lab, around 10,000 stromal cells are separated from the marrow.
These are cultured into osteoblasts (bone cells)
In a span of five weeks, these are expanded into 50 million cells
1. Due to lack of blood supply, the bone tissues die
2.The bone starts collapsing and flattens inwards
3.The bone is pushed back in its normal position and is filled with a calcium and bone cells mixture.
Prolonged use of alcohol/steroids Working in extreme atmospheric conditions Injury, fracture or dislocation of the hip joint Most known cases of AVN are idiopathic (where cause is unknown)
Mumbai: a dying cricketing career and four surgeries later, stem cell therapy came to the rescue of budding cricketer Ankit Parasher. Repeated wear and tear in the playground wear and tear in the playground damaged his left knee to such an extent that his performances on filed had hit rock bottom.
21-year-old Parasher, state level player from Madhya Pradesh, had been suffering from Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD)-a condition in which cracks appear in the lining of the knee joints. Gradually, blood supply to the affected area got disrupted and fragments of the affected bone and its covering of cartilage loosened up and some even got detached.
A common orthopedic procedure, arthroscopy, performed twice on him, also failed to yield any results. "It affected my performance on the field as I would be in pain after every match." Said Parasher, who is going to be back in action next month after a break of more than a year.
If not for the stem cell therapy, there was little doctors could have done to revive his career. Orthopaedic surgeon Dr. Anant Joshi
who specialises in sports injuries, went ahead with a procedure called chondron. In this procedure, patient's own healthy cartilage tissue is harvested, stem cells are cultured from the tissue and implanted in the affected area, he said. The stem cells, which were harvested from Parasher's 67mm of cartilage tissue, tool around 4 weeks to culture. Once the cells were formed, they were injected in his affected left knee joint. The results were visible in six months. Said Joshi.
The treatment could also mean boon to sportsperson who suffer from repeated injuries, said Joshi, who is also an advisor to the Board of control for Cricket in India (BCCI). "Before cartilage cell treatment, we had very limited options to treat sportsmen," said Joshi. Joshi, however, cautioned that this therapy may not hold much promise for arthritis, or conditions requiring joint replacement.
Drugs used to treat osteoporosis-the brittle bone disease-could make limbs easier to bone disease—could make limbs easier to break if used for too long, new studies have found. According to two studies-presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons in New Orleans---overuse of the a drugs upsets the mineral and crystalline structure of bone, causing weakness that can lead to fractures, Scientists found that bisphosphonates improve quantity. at the expense of quality. Although the medicines helped preserved bone, over time they appeared to impair its structure.
Osteoporosis is affecting millions of women, Zeenia F Baria asks experts more about this disease.
Are you aware that Osteoporosis is an illness that is affecting millions of women across the globe? This disease usually targets people after the age of 45 and is more common in post menopausal women. Often called the silent disease because bone loss occurs without symptoms, there is an urgent need for more awareness of osteoporosis.
According to Consultant Orthopaedic, Joint Replacement and Hip Resurfacing Surgeon, Dr Sanjeev Jain, people may not know that they have osteoporosis untile their bones become so weak that a sudden strain, bump or fall causes a hip fracture or a vertebral collapese. "Pain and weakness all over is a common symptom.Unfortunately, in many cases, the first real 'symptom' is broken bone. Loss of height, with the gradual curvature of the back, (caused by vertebral compression fractures) may be the only physical sign of osteoporosis," says Dr.Jain. The best ways to prevent it and to protect your bones is to do exercises that help in strenthening bones. "Building bones through adequate calcium intake and exercises when you are young is an investment that will pay off years later with a reduced risk of hip and other fractures. An inactive person should start these exercises slowly and gradually increase the intensity.
Brisk walking, jogging, climbing stairs are especially good. Muscle building exercises are not recommonded for people with osteoporosis. In pregnant, lactating, nursing, post-menopausal women and in men and women over 65 years, the requirement of calcium and vitamin D increases. Vitamin D can be obtained from eggs, liver or even spending about 15 minutes in the sunshine is good. Apart from calcium, Vitamin D,K,B6,B12 and minerals like magnesium, zinc, manganes and silicon are also important in strengthening bones. To prevent menopausal bone loss, estrogen replacement therapy, calcitonin, bisphosphonate, parathyroid hormone therapy and other medications should be considered," he says.
Orthopaedic and Joint Replacement Surgeon, Dr Dilip D Tanna, says that the human body forms bones until the age of 35 years after which new bone formation is negligible. "This remains our highest bone mass. Post 35 years our bone mass remains steady untile 45-50 years after which it gradually begins to lose bone mass due to menopause. Most women lose around one per cent of their bone mass each year post menopause. Osteoporosis can be detected only over a period of time with a few tests. Include a lot of calcium rich alternatives in your diet. These include dry beans, such as black-eyed peas, kidney beans and black beans, turnip greens, collard greens, broccoli, sardines, tofu and fortified orange juice. Almonds, sunflower and sesame seeds ae also a rich source of calcium," says Dr.Tanna.
Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Dr Sanjay Agarwala, concludes saying that osteoporosis isn't always hereditary."There can be a predisposition mediated through hormonal lack. The peak bone mass i.e. the amount and quality of bone is genetically linked. However, environmental factors and personal habits determine the final quality of bone. On needs to replenish stores of calcium and vitamin D and at times consider hormones that can makes bones grow. One can prevent this illness by going in for weight bearing exercises during young age and maintaining the intake of calcium and vitamin D," says Dr Agarwala.
Many who suffer from varicose veins think there is not cure for this problem But this is a misconception. There are several instances of people silently suffering from varicose veins unable to find a cure or learn how to handle them. Also, when the pain and disease recurs despite treatment, patients are under the impression that varicose veins are not curable. But this is a misconception.
Payal Shah, who lives in the U.S. had suffered from various veins for five years. She tried several treatments but found only temporary relief. While travelling to India, on the 14-hour flight, she experienced tremendous discomfort and pain in her legs and her ankle was red, swollen and painful. Soon her ankle, was a pool of blood; a varicose vein had ruptured and was bleeding heavily. The first-aid on flight controlled the bleeding and on landing, she was brought to hospital. The bleeding varicose veins were treated with a combination of laser and scleriotheraphy treatments, where the affected vein was destroyed from within. The results were very effective; not only did bleeding stop within 24 hours, but Payal also found a permanent cure.
What are varicose veins? Why do they occur? Varicose veins are swollen and enlarged veins, which are usually blue or dark purple and may appear lumpy, bulging, or twisted in appearances. They can occur in any part of the body but generally appear on the legs.
With awareness being low, patients are often unaware of advanced treatments that can give permanent relief. Often patients tend to take what they do with fever. Take a Crocin for the pain. This does not help treat the underlying main cause. If left untreated for long, varicose veins can cause long-term damage. The patient may not be able to walk in the long run, or the vein may burst and cause bleeding and wounds that may not heal.
Various veins develop when the small valves inside the veins stop working properly. In a healthy vein, blood flows smoothly back to the heart and is prevented from flowing backwards by a series of tiny valves, which open and close to let blood through. If these valves weaken , or are damaged, the blood flows backwards, and collects in the vein, eventually causing it to be varicose. There are several reason why they might just suddenly appear. Varicose veins tend to be hereditary. If your mother or grandmother had them during pregnancy, you news is that they tend to get better after delivery.
In another case, a 31-year-old store manager working on his feet most of the day suffered from ulcer that would not heal for a few years. Northing worked despite several kinds of treatment. Finally he top was treated with a combination of laser and surgical treatment, which is the best form of treatment for young patients. He recovered completely in four weeks.
So what are the most effective treatments available? The type of treatments depends on your general health and the size, position, and severity of your varicose veins. The most effective method is endovenous laser along with hook phlebectomy. Other available treatments include use of compression stockings, sclerotherpy, which is usually suitable for people who have small to medium-sized varicose veins. This involves a special chemical being injected into the veins and then seals then closed. Surgery may be required when large varicose veins need to be removed.
The other option is endovenous laser treatment where a narrow tube, known as catheter, is inserted into the vein using an ultrasound scan . A tiny laser is then passed through the catheter and positioned at the top of the varicose vein. It emits short bursts of energy, heating the vein up and sealing it closed. The laser is slowly pulled along the vein using the ultrasound scan as a guide, allowing the entire length of the vein to be closed.
A patient taking a decision to undergo knee replacement goes through a big turmoil and apprehension. These is always an anxiety and fear factor related to its s success. Several questions to be answered prior to decision making. Postoperative painful physiotherapy, prolonged recovery, worsening of condition prior to surgery and safety having one or both side surgery is major reasons govern myths about this wonderful operation.
Result of surgery is excellent provided there is prior understanding of problem, acceptance of surgery and its results and co-operation for post suirgery physiotheraphy program. With advance post operative pain management program there is negligible or no pain after knee replacement in today's time.
Complimentary to pain management is minimally invasive knee replacement. Here operation incision is very small with least damage to muscles and tissues during surgery and hence pain factor is negligible or even not there. This all contributes to over all stay after surgery to 2 to 3 days.
There is always a high degree of expectation from surgery, particularly related to gaining more bending after knee replacement with Indian cultural and social background. Newer design of knee implants and special surgical technique provides this needed complete bending for sitting cross legged position. I have performed more than 800 surgeries using this design if implant with excellent expected results.
Since both, knees are severely involved in most of the patient, there is always a swing in the mind to have one side or both side surgeries done, both sides-Bilateral Knee Replacement can be done vey safely in medically cardiac fit and motivated group of the patients. Main advantages are one time anesthesia. Surgery, recovery and physiotherapy. Current technology using computer navigation helps surgeon to align joint and implant to highly accurate, precise and desired position to have excellent long term results. After total knee replacement there is improved quality of life through greater independence & far superior mobility.
Each year world Arthritis Day focuses on a different aspect of living with arthritis. This year, the 'Let's Work Together' theme considers the challenges of work, be it paid employment, voluntary work or work at home supporting a family. Arthritis is India's number one ailment. Over 50 per cent of the population have arthritis in one or more of their joints. By the time one is 75 years old, there is an 80 per cent chance that one has developed arthritis somewhere, particularly in the larger joints such as the hip or the knee.
Arthritis can affect people when they are in the best of their ability to contribute to their family, society and the nation. It not only affects an individual who has developed the disease, but also affects his/her relatives, friends, work colleagues and others, who must provide support for those have it. Quality of life plummets, income can fall.
For arthritis of any form, surgery is usually undertaken reluctantly. It is better, often safer, to manage the condition without an operation, if at all possible. It is perfect to have worries and questions about arthritis. Therefore it is very important that people who suffer from arthritis should: Learn as much as possible about their condition Ask questions
Find new ways to cope with physical limitations Ask for help when needed Share frustrations and successes with family and friends Use honest, open communication Keep a sense of humour Working together as a team can make all the difference. Hip fracture turns fatal for the olderly and burns holes in pocket
A study by Arthritis Foundation of India says that hip fractures are fast becoming a big killer in India. Over 10% of the patients who had hip fracture, died within a year of injury. The most common reason for fractures is osteoporosis, a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. If not prevented or left untreated, it can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. These fractures, occur typically in hip, spine and wrist. Hard, outer bone becomes brittle with ageSoft spongy bones suffer loss of collagen (protein tissue) and calcium, increasing risk of fracture Bone marrow Risk (%) of bone fracture One in two women will sustain at least one fracture by age 75- a far higher proportion then men.
The risk of hip fracture increases with age. One reason may be the increased weakness of the upeer thigh bone.
These kinds of exercise put weight on femoral neck and strengthen bone: Cycling Weight Training Rowing Gymnastics
Effect of aging:Outer bone thins on upper side of thigh bone, or femur, thickens on under side
Impact point: with a sideways fall, which is most common in older people The break:Neck at upper end of femur India is home to 300 m pople suffering from osteoporosis Most hospitalisations for hip fractures are in people oler then age 65
Finding Your feet New surgical procedure offers arthritis patients increased mobility with a metal-free ankle implant made from natural collagen; technology avoids the risk of rejection... Patients suffering from severe arthritis now have an option for total ankle replacement that offers increased mobility and pain relief without permanent metal implants. Pioneered by Daniel K Lee at the University of California San Diego (UCSD), this technique could offer arthritis sufferers the world over a non-metal, biological ankle replacement. For years, patients have had the option of total joint replacement in the hips, knees and ankle with titanium and other metal devices.
While the imploants are well-suited for hips and knees, metal replacements for the ankle show a high level of failure and unwanted complications such as metal collapse and breakage.
Also, once an ankle is replaced with metal, options for revision surgery are little to none. Statistics point that over 100 million adults-approximately 1 in 5- report doctor-diagnosed arthritis. As the world's population ages, these numbers are likely to increase sharply, and a good proportion of suffering adults will have limited activity as a result. Nearly two-third of people with arthritis are younger than 65.
"Up until now, patients have had two options for replacing their ankle joints: metal implants or fusion of the joints', said Lee, director of foot an dankle surgery at UCSD Medical Centre."Now there is an option that actually restores the ankle with a biologic material that is similar to the collagen found in cartilage."
Lee, who is a foot an dankle surgeon, said that surgeons in a two-hour, minimally-invasive surgical procedure could remove the damaged cartilage around the ankle joint through a four-centimetre incision.
The collagen material can then be moulded into the joint where it adapts to the contour of the patient's ankle. "Unlike a metal device, the advantage to this material is that the implant can be customised in size and contour for every patient's individual need', said Lee.
The biologic material-proceed from either human or animal collagen sources-has been used for more than 10 years in plastic and abdominal surgery and heart valve replacement. Since it is non-allergenic and sterile in nature, there is no risk of rejection or need for the patient to take immuno supressors.
To allow the material to integrate fully with the ankle joint, a temporary external device is used to stabilise the joint area while keeping it "distracted" or open for a period of four to six weeks. Attached by small pins, the cylinder-shaped device serves as a shock system to keep the joint free from friction and movement untile healing is complete. The device is then removed entirely, thus keeping the patient's ankle free from any metal parts. "Within three weeks after surgery, we see an incorporation of tissue onto the damaged cartilage," said Lee."The idea here is to avoid fusion of the ankle and to add longevity to the joint. We want to give patients as much mobility as possible so they can get back to the activites they love the most."
Lee's has already used his procedure on various patients, with ages ranging between 30-85. Robert Adams, 82, a retired professor, received the ankle replacement after repeated attempts at physical therapy. "My ankle collapsed on me," said Adams. "I didn't like the idea of a fusion with no motion or opening up my ankle for a metal device. Following this surgery, I no longer have sharp or stabbing pains. I am continuing to improve an dcan get around better." This novel technique for ankle replacement and results of a study will be described in lat 2008 in the Journal of Foot & Ankle surgery.
Chilling number 62 per cent of people aged 50, 64 years report having at least one chronic condition such as hypertension or diabetes. 8.6 million people have multiple chronic diseases. 37 million people are projected to have multiple chronic disease by 2030 46 million people suffer from arthritis. By the year 2030...Six out of 10 boomers will have over one chronic condition.One out of four boomers will live with diabetes and one out of two will have arthritis.20 per cent of the population will be over 65 (compared with 13 per cent today).Your body, as it ages....Changes in our health are inevitable as we get older. But while doctors tell us to focus on the basics-eat right, exercise and keep cholesterol an dblood pressure in check- is there more that we need to know about staying well as we age?
People may worry about heart disease and diabetes, but they downright dread Alzhemier's disease, a recent survey found.For good reason. One in eight adults over 65 is affected by the disease. Those who are spared know they may end up with the burden of caring for a parent or a spouse who is affected. A few drugs can slow down the disease but do not cure it. Studies show that older people who've maintained their mental acuity tend to be socially connected, with relatives, friends and community. Seeking out stimulation through in scientists recommend eating a Mediterranean-style diet, including fish and nuts, antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables , olive oil and possibly some red wine. For Your Mouth: Regular Brushing and Cleaning
Dental cavities are not good news, but hey may be among the smaller problems. The advice is familiar: Brush and floss regularly, use fluoride mouthwsh, limit snacks and sweet drinks, visit the dentist twice a year. There are two more serious problems, common dental diseases that can lead not only to loss of teeth but also to loss of life: periodontal disease and oral cancer.Periodontal disease-a chronic bacterial infection of the gums that destroys the bone and tissues that hold the teeth- is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Oral cancer is the second serious dental problem. Smoking and alcohol abuse are the major causes, but 25 per cent of oral cancers appear in people who have never smoked or drunk to excess.For your Heart:Change of diet is the way:
Most people think heart-healthy living involves sacrifice. Give up your favourite foods. Break a seat. Lose weight. But some of the best things you can do for your heart do not involve deprivation or medication. Simple changes in the foods you eat can rival medication in terms of the benefit to your heart.
Even so, many people are not getting the message. Just a few small changes-eating more fish, vegetables, nuts and fibre-can have a major impact on your risk for heart problems. For some people, drinking moderate amounts of wine may offer additional benefits. It's hard to believe that such simple food changes can make a meaningful difference, but data from hundreds of studies show they can.
For Your Back: Your Backache Heals Itself
Back pain is one of the most common physical complaints, so it's no surprise that treatments for it have multiplied over the years. But the effectiveness of virtually every pharmaceutical or surgical remedy, however, has been questioned. And for all the money sufferers spend on doctor visits, hospital stays, procedures and drugs, backs are not improving.The mystery begins with the first doctor's visit. The exact cause of back pain is never found in 85 per cent of patients. It is little wonder then that doctors fall back on trational approaches, like exercise or counselling. The reality is that most people with back pain heal on their own, slowly, with out major intervention.For Your Waist: 'Where'Beats'How much'
The size of your waist can tell you far more about the state of your health than the number on a bathroom scale. Many studies suggest that it is not how much you weigh but where studies suggest that it is not how much you weigh but where you carry your weight that matters most to your health.
A large waist means you are more likely to have fat around your heart, liver and muscles, and it signals that you should be screened for other problems, like high cholesterol. Losing even a little weight can have a big effect. If you have a large waist, your first goal should be to stop gaining weight Exercise and improving the quality of the food you eat will lower your for heart, even if you never lose inches.
While osteoprosis and hip fractures are major health concerns for some people, the challenge is finding out who is at risk and who is not. Most of us have normal aging bones that are not going to break-about 85 per cent of women never fracture a hip.Most people have enough bone to start with, so the bone loss of aging is not a big problem. But for some, the decline in density is rapid, as their bones become porous and fracture risk increases.
Many woman also receive diagnoses of osteopenia-a scary-sounding term to describe early bone loss that often occurs with normal aging. The more risk factors you have, the higher your fracture risk.
Let us work together to improve the mobility and well being of our arthritis patients. The "We" should include the patient, doctors involved in the care, the physiotherapist, relations of the patient, society, and the government. In India 150 million people (15% of the population) suffer from the disease. The most affected are those in the 20-45 age group. Degenerative arthritis affecting the knee is more prevalent in India with every third person above the age of 70 being affected.
The number of arthritis patients is increasing day by day. Arthritis is caused by aging and by disease. Age-related problems increase because now we live long. As we get the joints start degenerating, may be simply by the age, may be due to genetic factors, obesity and by injuries. The joints have cartilage surfaces. Bones are covered at the joints ends by cartilage. The cartilages are smooth and always covered by a lubricant. Cartilages do not have blood supply and the nutrition is dependent on the lubricant fluid that bathes it, called Synonid Fluid secreted by the synovial membrane lines in the joint. Movement of the joint helps the Synovia fluid to be pumped into the cartilage. Therefore, movement of joints within physiological limits increases the nutrition of the joint preventing degeneration.The "Wisdom" of the general public that movement of the joint will produce wear and tear is not therefore correct. Movement produces more nutrition and more life to the joint.
Now let us see which diseases can produce joint pain. Rhematoid disease is a disease of the tissues that produces arthritis in multiple joints. The joints become swollen and painful, movement diminishes and cartilages get eroded, making the joints stiff. Diseases like psoriasis, ankyolosing spondylites and other conditions also can produce arthritis.
Now which way can we manage it? The patient can be managed depending on the condition by operative or non-operative means. Let us take the case of age-related osteoarthritis first. Mild Osteoarthritis (abbreviated as OA-this can then be expanded as old age) can be managed by pain relieving medicines, exercise, physotherapy and changing habits. Operative treatment may be to correct deformities and replace joints. Joint replacement is simply an operation to give a metallic or polyethylene artificial bone end where bones meet each other.
For the condition that are due to disease like Rheumatoid Arthritis, plenty of medicines are available. Most of them are medicines to relieve pain and also to arrest the disease, and some times cortisone has to be used to prevent joint destruction.Cortisone is a life saving and joint saving medicine and when used with care & caution can save many joints from total destruction.
Let us work together to obtain a satisfactory life for the Arthritic patient.Pioneering Procedure
SBF Healthcare offers non -surgical cure for osteoarthritis through QMR Theraphy TM
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis joint disease and is on of the primary casues of pain and disability in advancing years of life. Some degree of osteoarthritis will develop in every one in old age and is estimated that three out of four persons who are more than 60 years of age will have definite evidence of osteoarthritis in at least one joint.
Quantum Magnetic Resonance Therapy (QMR Therapy TM) is the world's first scientifically proven, non-surgical treatment to help regenerate cartilage and restore mobility of arthritic knee joints. The method is painless, safe, non-invasive and cost effective when compared to kenee replacement surgery.
Clinical Trialsled by Wg. Cdr(Dr) VG Vasishta (Retd), Founder and CEO of SBF Healtheare began in 2004 at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine (IAM), an Indian Air Force establishment.
For excellence in medicine, Wg.Cdr(Dr.)VG Vasishta was awarded the 2006 Suvarna Karnataka Rajyotsava Award by the Government Karnataka for his work on osteoarthritis and cancer. In 2006, he launched SBF Healthcare on his retirement from the Indian Air Force to bring this technology into the public sphere.
The results of the study on the patients of Osteoarthritis have been already published in a peer reviewed scientific journal. (Vasishta VG et al, Rotational Field Magnetic Resonance (RFQMR) in treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint, Indian Journal of Aerospace Medicine, 48(2), 2004; 1-7)
The subjective and objective improvements in the cases taken up for this study opened the vistas for further application of this technology to other diseases. Now phase-II of the trial has been completed taking 400 subjects with MRI as modality of evaluating the subjects in addition to internationally accepted knee-rating system. The results of the study are a landmark, as was demonstrated by the increase in the cartilage thickness, documented through MRI (which is accepted worldwide as gold standard).
QMR Therapy TM is noninvasive, painless and safe. Clinical trials have been conducted on over 400 cases of osteoarthritis. It involves the application of electromagnetic beams to regenerate tissues that wear and tear due to ageing. The beams can be precisely controlled and focused onto tissues therein generating streaming voltage potentials. This is lower than what is used in cell phones thereby making it safe for human use.
The International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)has defined emission levels that are considered safe for human use. Both electric and magnetic field emissions from QMR exposure are well below the levels specified by ICNIRP.
The promising results that have been received from this therapy have brought recognition for this technology not only from the scientific community, but also from the international medical and academic community. The preliminary results have been presented atinternational scientific symposia. The numbers and volume of patients that are looking up to this therapy as a beacon of hope is huge.
The treatment for Osteoarthritis is a 21-day process which does not require hospitalization. The total time required for treatment each day is 60 minutes. SBF Healthcare now operates two centres in Bangalore and Mumbai. More than 2000 cases have now been treated by SBF Healthcare since inception.
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